Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 6th International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science and Chemistry Rome, Italy.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Jon Binner

University of Birmingham, UK

Keynote: Development of high and ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites

Time : 09:30-10:10

Conference Series Materials Chemistry 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Jon Binner photo
Biography:

Jon Binner is the Deputy Head of the Engineering & Physical Sciences College, and Professor of Ceramic Science & Engineering in the School of Metallurgy and Materials, at the University of Birmingham. He has published about 220 research papers, as well as editing or contributing to 19 books, given around 60 keynote, plenary and invited talks at international conferences and holds 7 patents. He has won 128 research grants totalling about £16.3M, many have been international in nature. He is a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS), the European Ceramic Society (ECerS), the Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (IOM3) and the Association for Microwave Power in Europe for Research and Education (Ampere). He was the President of the IOM3 from 2012-14 and is currently President-Elect of ECerS. The IOM3 awarded him the Holliday Prize in 1995, the Ivor Jenkins Medal in 2007 and the Verulam Medal & Prize in 2011.

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Abstract:

There is an increasing demand for advanced materials for aerospace and other applications, with temperature capability ranging from 1500℃ to well over 2000℃ and able to survive highly corrosive environments whilst subject to intense heat fluxes and mechanical stresses. The interaction of environmental conditions together with the requirement that dimensional stability is maintained makes the selection of suitable materials extremely challenging. This paper discusses the design, development, manufacture and testing of a new class of ceramic matrix composites based on either SiC or C fibre preforms and enriched with different ceramic powders as well as a matrix infiltrated by either microwave- or RF-heated chemical vapour infiltration (CVI). These composites will form suite of materials suitable for application in severe aerospace environments.

A Cfibre – HfB2 powder – Cmatrix composite being arc-jet tested at ~2700

Keynote Forum

Shouxun Ji

Brunel University London, UK

Keynote: The formation mechanism of metastable Al6(Fe, Mn) phase in die-cast Al-Mg alloys

Time : 10:10-10:50

Conference Series Materials Chemistry 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Shouxun Ji photo
Biography:

Shouxun Ji is currently a Lecturer at BCAST. Before rejoining Brunel in October 2010, he was a Manager at Arcadia, leading a team working on various projects to develop products and managing supply chains. Prior to that, he was the Chief Engineer of BCAST specialized in semi-solid processing of rheo-die casting, rheo-extrusion and rheo-twin roll casting. He is focusing on developing lightweight materials and structures for the automotive industry, including purpose developed aluminium and magnesium alloys with improved ductility, strength, modulus, or thermal conductivity, and the hybrid structures using different materials. He is also working on new materials for aerospace application, such as materials for explosive cords and high strength casting materials for aircraft. Meanwhile, he is in charge of all the equipment specification, planning and supply in the AMCC 1 and 2 programmes.

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Abstract:

The formation, 3D morphology and growth mechanism of Al6(Fe, Mn) phase were studied in Al-Mg-Mn-Fe alloys processed by high pressure die casting (HPDC). Thermodynamic calculation indicates that Al6(Fe, Mn) phase in the HPDC Al-Mg-Mn-Fe alloys is a metastable phase. The experimental results confirm that Mn addition in the alloy suppresses the transformation from metastable Al6(Fe, Mn) phase to stable Al13(Fe, Mn)4 phase under nonequilibrium solidification conditions. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis of extracted particles reveals that the average Mn/Fe atomic ratio in the Al6(Fe, Mn) phase decreases as the Mn/Fe atomic ratio in the melt decreases. It is also found that the Al6(Fe, Mn) phase grows to form two elongated prism morphologies: rhombic prism (equilibrium morphology, bounded by {110} and {002}), and rectangular prism (growth morphology, bounded by {002}, {200} and {020}). The primary Al6(Fe, Mn) phase shows hollow structure and the eutectic one is in the form of fine solid particles. The growth mechanism of Al6(Fe, Mn) phase is also elucidated according to the crystallographic rules and the morphological characteristics of Al6(Fe, Mn) phase.

(a) Crystal structure and 3D morphologies of Al6 (Fe, Mn) phase

Break: Networking and Refreshments Break 10:50-11:05 @ Foyer
  • Nanomaterials | Inorganic Materials Chemistry | Organic Materials Chemistry | Applied Materials Chemistry | Materials Chemistry and Physics | Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Location: Olimpica 2
Speaker

Chair

Alain Tressaud

ICMCB-CNRS-University of Bordeaux, France

Speaker

Co-Chair

Lartigue Lenaic

Universite de Nantes, France

Session Introduction

Takeo Tomiyama

Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd., Japan

Title: Optical anisotropy studies of silver nanowire/polymer composite films

Time : 11:05-11:35

Speaker
Biography:

Takeo Tomiyama received his MS degree in Chemistry from Gakushuin University, Japan. He has been working at Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd. His current research interests include the development and characterization of optical materials for information display applications.

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Abstract:

Silver nanowire (AgNW) networks are one of the promising candidates as a next-generation transparent electrode material, given their high optical transparency and low electrical resistivity. AgNW networks based transparent conductive film can be fabricated by cost effective wet coating methods and exhibits better flexibility than the widely used indium tin oxide. The optical and electrical properties of AgNW networks have been extensively investigated in the past decade, both experimentally and theoretically. Previous researchers have discussed some aspects of optical properties such as transparency and haze, but have not presented a comprehensive study concerning optical constants (refractive index n and extinction coefficient k) of the AgNWs network. We have developed an AgNW/photosensitive polymer composite film that allows conductive patterning on a range of base materials. The composite films fabricated by roll-to-roll die coating exhibited optical and electrical anisotropy depending on the coating conditions. These problems motivated us to study the relation between the optical anisotropy, the electrical anisotropy and the orientation of AgNWs in the polymer matrix. To clarify the relation between the optical anisotropy, the electrical anisotropy and the orientation of AgNWs, the orthogonal optical constants of the composite films were determined by Mueller matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry. The orthogonal optical constants revealed the plasmonic natures of AgNW ensembles, and their anisotropy is correlated to the morphology of the composite film, where the long axis of AgNW is preferably oriented in the lengthwise film direction. We have demonstrated that the ellipsometric data analysis used in this study is effective to gain insight into the anisotropic optical properties of metal nanowires networks.

Speaker
Biography:

Alain Tressaud is Emeritus Research Director at ICMCB-CNRS, Bordeaux University. He is the President of the European Academy of Sciences (Brussels) and member of several European Academies. He founded and chaired until 2008 the French CNRS Network on Fluorine Chemistry. Among the awards he received, the Atomic Centre Agency (CEA) Award of French Academy of Sciences (2008), ACS Fluorine Award (2011) and Moissan Prize (2013) can be quoted. His scientific interest covers synthetic fluorine chemistry, physical-chemical characterizations, applications in materials sciences, solid state chemistry. His works also deal with surface modification of materials and intercalation chemistry. His scientific production includes more than 360 papers in international journals, 20 chapters’ contributions in books and 12 internationalized patents. In addition, he edited 10 books, including the Editor-in-Chief responsibility of the book series “Advances in Fluorine Science” Elsevier (2006), “Progress in Fluorine Science”, Elsevier (2015), ”Progress in Science, Progress in Society”, Springer-Nature, (2017).

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Abstract:

Inorganic fluorine based compounds can be found as components in many applications, including energy storage and conversion, microphotonics, fluorescent chemical sensors, solid state lasers, nonlinear optics, nuclear cycle, superhydrophobic coatings, etc. Most of these outstanding properties can be correlated to the exceptional electronic properties of the fluorine element, yielding almost unique types of bonding with the other elements. The strategic importance of inorganic fluoride materials will be illustrated by several examples taken from various scientific domains: 1) In the field of energy storage, fluorinated carbon nano-particles (F-CNPs) have been tested as active materials in primary lithium batteries. In secondary Li batteries, 3d-transition metal fluorides and oxyfluorides mostly based on iron and titanium have been proposed as electrodes. 2) Nanocrystalline metal fluorides derived from fluorite (CaF2) or tysonite (LaF3) types exhibit high F- anionic conductivity that can be used as solid electrolytes in F- ion based all solid state batteries. 3) Upconversion and luminescent phenomena in nano fluorides based on rare earth metals. 4) Transparent fluoride ceramics which may challenge single crystals or glasses for solid state lasers applications. 5) Among transparent conductive oxides and oxide-fluorides, F-doped SnO2 exhibits rather good transparency in the visible range and high infrared absorption associated to its conductivity due to n-type charge carriers. 6) Perovskite related solid state fluorides based on d-transition metals exhibit a huge variety of structural and magnetic behaviors. Layered BaMF4 and iron fluorides (TTB- K3Fe5F15) are important families of multiferroics, in which magnetism and ferroelectricity coexist. 7) Intercalation of fluorine in several networks of oxides allows tuning the transition metal oxidation state. Superconductivity was created in F-doped cuprate systems La2CuO4 and Sr2CuO3 using low-temperature fluorination by F2 gas, or in F-doped oxypnictide LnFePnO1-xFx (Tc ~58 K). Finally, functionalization processes using various fluorination treatments yield nanosized materials, high surface area fluorides, or switchable hydrophobic/hydrophilic coatings.

The nanosize of F-CNPs obtained from nano-carbons prepared in molten carbonates (b), is not changed after low-temperature F2 fluorination (a)

Mitsuharu Tabuchi

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan

Title: Synthesis of Co-free & Li-excess positive electrode materials for lithium-ion battery

Time : 12:05-12:35

Speaker
Biography:

Mitsuharu Tabuchi is a solid-state Chemist, developing novel positive electrode materials for lithium-ion battery. He developed an original synthetic route to accomplish a complete mixing of two or three kinds of transition metal ions at AIST. He is also skilled in Rietveld x-ray analysis and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy for material characterization.

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Abstract:

Co-free positive electrode material is necessary as constituent material for large-scale lithium-ion battery to use electronic vehicle (EV) and plug-in hybrid one (PHEV). As shown in Figure 1, we developed seven high-capacity material systems (>200 mAh/g) having above 3.2 V of discharge voltages. Our strategy was utilizing Fe ion for oxide-based positive electrode material, because iron is cheap and environmental-friendly element and LiFeO2 is as an electrochemically inactive positive electrode material. To activate the LiFeO2 component, we have been trying to make novel LiFeO2-Li2MnO3 solid solution (FM system). The first paper was published in 2001 and the study is still going on to improve its electrochemical property. To synthesize homogeneous FM sample with high Fe content, careful optimization of preparation condition must be needed. Original co-precipitation–calcination method was constructed. The co-precipitation temperature was kept to low temperature (-10ºC) to avoid spinel ferrite formation and then it wet-oxidized by bubbling with air. This precursor preparation technique is very important. After washing and mixing with Li salt, the mixture was dried for pulverization. It calcined in air or N2 flow. Other systems were derived from the FM one. Among them, the LiFe1/2Ni1/2O2-Li2MnO3 solid solution(FNM system) was designed to raise discharge voltage close to 3.5 V. Applying stepwise-charging method, its electrochemical properties was rather improved. LiFeO2-Li2MnO3-Li2TiO3 (FMT system) and Li2TiO3-Li2MnO3 (TM system) solid solutions were synthesized by co-precipitation–calcination-carbothermal reduction process. NiO-Li2MnO3 (NM system) and NiO-Li2MnO3-Li2TiO3 (NMT system) was prepared by co-precipitation–hydrothermal–calcination process. The LN system was considered as Li-excess LiNiO2 which was synthesized by thermal decomposition of Li2NiO3. Research details for these selected systems will be presented.

Our developed positive electrode materials vs. their average discharge voltages

Lartigue Lenaic

Universite de Nantes, France

Title: Ultra-bright magnetic nanoassemblies as theranostic agents

Time : 12:35-13:05

Speaker
Biography:

Lartigue Lenaic has his expertise in size-controlled functionalized magnetic NPs or gold nanoshell and their incorporation in supramolecular fluorescent nano-assemblies. This multimodal nano-assembly was tested as (i) mediator for magnetic hyperthermia and photothermal; (ii) contrast agent for fluorescent imaging, MRI and photoacoustic; (iii) real-time monitoring and on-demand drug delivery system. He received his PhD in 2010 entitled: Synthesis, characterization, functionalization and biomedical applications of iron-based NPs, under the supervision of Dr. Y Guari and Pr. D Gatteschi. Then, he completed two years of Postdoctoral research in the group of Dr. F Gazeau where he studied the physical, magneto-thermal properties and the biotransformation phenomenon of iron oxide NPs. In 2012 he joined the team of Dr. D Alloyeau and synthesized, characterized and studied the biodegradation of iron [email protected] nano-assemblies. Since September 2013, he was appointed Assistant Professor in the team of Pr. E Ishow. He has co-authored 29 scientific articles on peer reviewed international journals of Chemistry and Physics (h-index ISI Web of Science = 14) and he is currently involved in five research projects in the nanomedicine field including one as coordinator.

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Abstract:

Multifunctional nanoparticles have recently emerged as promising cross-correlated contrast agents for bioimaging and carrier for drug delivery. The combination of magnetic and fluorescent units inside the same assemblies allows in vitro fluorescence microscopy (multiplexing, sensitivity and high resolution) and in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (no penetration limit) with the same nanotools. We report a one-step synthesis to prepare core-shell architectures displaying a high payload of self-assembled magnetic and fluorescent units for improved multimodal tracking. This innovative architecture could contain drug agents for on-demand drug delivery. The multifunctional nanoparticles displayed a core-shell structure. The core consists an ultra-bright fluorescent organic nanoparticle (brightness>107 mol-1Lcm-1) tightly coated with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, known as highly sensitive MRI contrast agents. The closely packed magnetic nanoparticles create strong additivity at the surface (r2=250 s-1mmol-1L), so that large MRI T2 contrast was obtained with unusually diluted solutions in vitro or after intravenous injection in small rodents. Two-photon excited fluorescence imaging could be performed, achieving unprecedented location resolution for agents combining both magnetic nanoparticles and fluorescence properties. Post-functionalization is ensured through an anionic polymer which is readily tailored to ensure furtivity (PEG chain) or active targeting (biotin, protein, etc.) via surface bioconjugation. In vitro studies show the importance of the polymer nature on the kinetics of cellular uptake. In vitro studies are performed on various cells and demonstrated the non-toxicity of our systems. Endocytosis kinetics was elucidated in mesothelium cancer cells grown as monolayers or multicellular tumor cell spheroids. Compared to numerous architectures like polymersomes or liposomes, the reported innovative nanoassemblies display in vitro a very high structural cohesion. The high density of magnetic nanoparticles leads to cooperative dipole effects, so that straightforward comparative investigations at various scales can be achieved using two-photon excited fluorescence imaging and in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Speaker
Biography:

Paolo Arosio is currently a fixed-term Researcher at Physics Department of Universita’ degli Studi di Milano. His main research activity regards the magnetism of nanoparticles and magnetic materials and the morpho-dimensional studies on biological samples in the AFM/NMR group of the Physics Department, that collaborates with numerous Italian and European research groups. Since 2011 he is responsible of NMR experimental activity of his research group.

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Abstract:

In the last two decades, much attention was devoted to novel multifunctional nanostructures based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) useful as agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optical imaging and magnetic fluid hyperthermia, carriers for drugs and molecular targeting vectors. Most of the magnetic nanoparticles systems reported in literature by a lot of research groups have been shown to be useful as MRI contrast agents and magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) mediators, displaying high nuclear relaxivity and specific absorption rate (SAR). For these compounds, the possibility to collect images of the regions where the MNPs are delivered through MRI and eventually optical imaging (if functionalized with a luminescent molecule), is joint to their use under radio-frequency fields, with frequency of the order of 100 KHz, which causes a local release of heat directed to tumour cells (the MFH effect), possibly inducing their death. By such materials, theranostic agents can be obtained. On the other hand, in the field of drug delivery and molecular targeting, few examples of reproducible experiments using superparamagnetic nanoparticles are actually present in literature. Thus, the application of MNPs to nanomedicine is currently of growing interest in the world. The main objectives of my research group in the last decade was to contribute to the knowledge of physical mechanisms at the basis of MNPs uses in biomedicine (especially MRI) and to propose some novel systems in strict collaboration with different research groups of chemists and biologists. I will present different novel systems able to contrast MRI images, act as good magnetic fluid hyperthermia agent or as multifunctional (magneto-fluorescent) agent and carry antitumoral drugs like e.g. paclitaxel or targeting functionalizations like PNA (peptide nucleic acids). Other examples of biomedical applications of MNPs magnetism will be also illustrated.

A magnetic nanoparticles and its crucial characteristics

Speaker
Biography:

Oluwatobi S Oluwafemi is a National Research Foundation (NRF) South Africa rated Researcher at the Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg. His research is in the broad area of nanotechnology and include green synthesis of semiconductor and metal nanomaterials for different applications which include but not limited to biological (imaging, labeling, therapeutic), optical, environmental and water treatment. He has author and co-author many journal publications, book chapter and books. He is a reviewer for many international journals in the field of nanotechnology and has won many accolades both local and international.

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Abstract:

We herein report a simple, economical and green synthesis of highly fluorescent, water soluble and stable arginine functionalized CdTe/CdSe/ZnSe multi core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) with enhanced cell viability for cellular imaging. The synthesis of the CdTe/CdSe/ZnSe NPs was carried out under ambient conditions in the absence of an inert environment. The as-prepared NPs were characterized using UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The optical analyses showed an enhancement in the fluorescent intensity after the functionalization with improved optical properties. The functionalized NPs (F-NPs) displayed higher cell viability compared to the bare NPs when investigated on KM-Luc/GFP cell line at different concentrations. The fluorescent image indicated that the as-synthesized functionalized NPs were taken up by the cells. Recommendations are made for treatment centers to become trauma- informed that would help this recognition.

Speaker
Biography:

Elif Cerrahoglu completed her Under-graduation in the Chemistry Department at 2010, Biology Department at 2011 and MD in Enzyme Extraction, Immobilization and Purification topics in Biochemistry in Sakarya University, Turkey. She started her PhD in Analytical Chemistry while simultaneously working as a Research Assistant at 2014 in Kocaeli University, Turkey. Currently, she has been working on heavy metal adsorption, biomass waste materials, and waste material’s modification methods.

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Abstract:

Most environmental pollutants have destructive effects on soil and water quality, plant and animal nutrition and human health. Especially metal pollution is a major health hazard that leads to environmental concern, and unlike organic pollutants, it is not biodegraded by natural means. The main reason for the accumulation of heavy metals, which are among the most important pollutants in the water are industrial wastes originating from facilities such as metal coating, battery production, fertilizer and paper industry, mining enterprises in developed countries in particular. Heavy metals such as lead, nickel, iron, zinc, manganese and cadmium are not biodegradable like organic species and at concentrations above certain limit values they are also found to play a major role in cognitive deficiencies, behavioral disorders, central nervous system, lungs and many vital organs causing injury. Therefore, the removal of these heavy metals is an important research topic especially for those working in the fields of analytical and environmental chemistry. The lignocellulosic wastes have adsorption potential due to the carboxylate, aromatic carboxylate, phenolic hydroxyl and oxyl groups present in the structures. However, the nature of the restricted adsorptive ability has to be increased by various physical or chemical processes. In this study, it has been aimed to use a lignocellulosic bio waste to remove heavy metals which are the most important pollutants in the water. For raw material with low uptake, activation is possible by means of environmental friendly, low-cost and high-performance mechanochemical modification methods with reagent, instead of existing activation methods. For mechanochemical modification with reagents, a planetary ball mill has been used. Parameters effective for mechanochemical modification such as milling time, rotation speed, raw material/reagent ratio and material/ball ratio have been optimized with response surface methodology (RSM), and the adsorption capacities of these new materials have been investigated for Cu(II), Pb(II), Zn(II) heavy metals.

  • Poster Presentations
Location: Foyer
Speaker

Chair

Lartigue Lenaic

Universite de Nantes, France

Speaker
Biography:

Anatoly Bortun has 20 years academy and 15 years industry experience with background in Physical and Inorganic Chemistry. His expertise is in areas of adsorption/ion exchange, separations and materials chemistry, including hydrothermal, sol-gel and solid state syntheses.

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Abstract:

New automotive emission standards make stringent requirements for oxygen-storage materials used in three way catalysts (TWC) and diesel catalysts. PIDC has developed an original precipitation technique for making wide range of ceria-zirconia (CZ) compositions. The key feature of the novel process is a presence of certain organic and/or inorganic additives specifically interacting with polyvalent metals in aqueous solution. The dual role of additives has been found. They change primary particles charge and surface charge density. Also, they specifically interact with Zr(Ce) species by occupying or blocking some of their active sites, which prevents dense packing of primary particles and their aggregates. This allows tailored assembly of mixed oxide structural blocks throughout all stages of precipitation with the formation of open-framework hierarchical structures. Other synthetic steps – washing precipitate from ionic admixtures, drying, calcinations, etc., are also important for retaining and fixation of hydrogel open-framework structures. Based on experimental data optimal conditions for making mixed oxides with porosity that can be controlled and regulated in a broad range from 50-10 nm up to 60-100 nm and improved thermal stability up to 1100oC have been determined. Novel CZ materials exhibit high oxygen storage capacity and improved compatibility with precious metals. Results of CZ characterization with the use of different methods: XRD, SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption, TPR-H2, etc., will be presented.

Pore size distribution of 70% ZrO2 - 20% CeO2 - 10% RE aged at 1000oC for 6 hrs as a function of the amount of complexing additive

Speaker
Biography:

Mihai I Sturza has his expertise in synthesis and crystal structure characterization of novel inorganic compounds. The main aim of his work is to synthesize new inorganic compounds (new oxides, oxo-halides, pnictides, chalcogenides, intermetallics, etc.) and to correlate their chemical and physical properties to their compositions and crystal structures. His research at IFW involves searching for novel low-dimensional materials with interesting electronic properties emerging from a competition between different electronic states or a suppression of the electronic order (charge, orbital or spin).

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Abstract:

The class of transition-metal chalcogenides that exhibits mixed valency has been of continuing interest for several decades. The emergence of superconductivity with a superconducting transition temperature (Tc<30 K) in mixed-valence AxFe2−ySe2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) phases has further increased interest in the chemistry and physics of complex ternary transition-metal chalcogenides. Copper chalcogenide materials are of considerable scientific interest because of their rich structural and compositional diversity, mixed valency, propensity for phase transitions, charge-density waves, potential for ionic mobility, as well as applications such as high performance photovoltaic cells. New results from the chemistry of the A/Cu/Q (A=Na, K, Ba; Q=S, Se) system will be reported. The synthesis, crystal structure, and properties of new layered copper chalcogenide compounds, which are mixed-valent will be presented. Single crystals were grown by the reaction of Cu metal in a molten alkali/ alkaline-earth metal/polysulfide/polyselenide/flux. Single crystal x-ray diffraction measurements performed on several crystals showed a high quality of the crystals, proven by the good internal consistency of the data collected using the full-sphere mode and an extremely low R factor. Electronic band structure calculations and physical property measurements reveal p-type metallic behavior, with moderately high electrical conductivity and hole carrier mobilities.

Crystal structure, SEM image and conductivity measurement of NaBa2Cu3S5 crystal, a novel mixed-valent transition metal chalcogenide discovered by polychalcogenide flux synthesis

Nana N Barbakadze

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia

Title: Synthesis of hydrazones of 5α-androstane series
Speaker
Biography:

Nana N Barbakadze has completed her PhD from Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. She is a Research Scientist at Tbilisi State Medical University. Her field of interest is in chemistry and synthesis of biologically active compounds. She is the Author of more than 15 papers in reputed journals and has presented her work at 40 international scientific conferences.

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Abstract:

Recently, steroidal hydrazones have been receiving extensive attention of scientists because they have shown to exhibit antibacterial, antiviral and anticancer activities. Previously synthesized by us, some 5α-steroidal hydrazones have shown high antitubercular and antiviral activities. In order to find new potential bioactive compounds, hydrazones of 5α-androstane series have been synthesized. The starting ketones, 3α-hydroxy-5α-androst-9(11)-en-17-one and 5α-androst-2-en-17-one have been obtained by multistep modification of epiandrosterone — intermediate product of transformation of tigogenin. The structures of new hydrazones have been established by IR-, NMR- and mass spectral data.

Speaker
Biography:

Nana N Barbakadze has completed her PhD from Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. She is a Research Scientist at Tbilisi State Medical University. Her field of interest lies in chemistry and synthesis of biologically active compounds. She is the author of more than 15 papers in reputed journals and presentations at 40 international scientific conferences.

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Abstract:

Esterified steroids are characterized with high biological activities. It is ascertained that inclusion of adamantane fragment into the steroidal compound improves its lipophilicity and the ability to permeate a cell membrane, which in and of itself results in increased biological activity. Inclusion of the radical of adamantane into the molecule of a substance often tends to decrease the toxicity of this compound, while also prolonging the ability of this compound to be biologically active. In order to study relationship of structure-activity by esterification of epiandrosterone with chloranhydride of adamantane acid 3β–(1–adamantoat)–5α-androstan-17-one has been synthesized. By its interaction with hydroxylamine, semicarbazide and hydrazines (phenylhydrazine, p-methyl-, p-bromo-, p-chloro-, p-phenyl-, p-nitro-, 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazines) corresponding oxime and hydrazones have been obtained. Starting epiandrosterone was synthesized by conversation of 3β-acetoxy-5α-pregn-16-en-3β-ol-20-one – splitting product of tigogenine.

Speaker
Biography:

Florina Teodorescu, a Senior Researcher, has her expertise in novel organic synthesis and catalyze. Her capabilities include techniques and methods required for materials synthesis and characterization and analytical skills necessary for characterization of organic compounds.

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Abstract:

In our study, mixed oxides obtained from layered double hydroxides (LDHs) were evaluated as catalysts in pyrazines synthesis by cyclization of different 1,2 diamines with propylene glycol. For this purpose, the LDHs materials with a [M2+1-xM3+x(OH)2]x+[An-x/n]∙mH2O general formula, where M2+=Ni, Zn, Cu and M3+=Cr, Fe, Co, were obtained by two methods: co-precipitation and mechanochemical route. The LDH with a M2+/M3+ molar ratio of 3 was prepared at pH=10 by co-precipitation of two solutions: A (nitrates solutions) and B (alkaline solution) under low supersaturation. Both solutions were added simultaneously at a feed flow of 60 mL∙h-1 and mixed at room temperature under vigorous stirring in a batch reactor. The gel obtained was aged 18 h at 75°C, cooled to room temperature, filtered and washed with bi-distilled water until a neutral pH (7) of the washing water was reached. The drying of the hydrotalcite gel was performed at 90°C for 24 h in air flow. In the mechanochemical route, the required amounts of nitrates, Na2CO3 and NaOH were directly milled in a mortar for 1 h. The resulted white paste was then washed with bi-distilled water until pH of 7, and dried at 90°C for 24 h. Dried samples were subsequently calcined at 450°C in order to achieve the mixed oxides. The catalytic activity measurements were carried out at atmosphere pressure in a fixed-bed down-flow integral reactor at 300-400°C. There is a significant influence in the conversion and selectivity values offered by the type of cation used, the method of preparation of LDH precursors, the temperature, space velocity and the molar ratio of the reactants. The Lewis acid sites play an important role in activity values of catalytic materials.

Speaker
Biography:

Jeong Hoon Kim is Head of Greenhouse Gas Separation and Recovery Research Group, Carbon Resources Institute, KRICT. He got his BS and MS degree at Hanyang University in 1984 and 1986, respectively, and got his PhD from Korea Advanced Institute of Technology (KAIST) in 1999. He also worked as a Postdoc position at the Department of Chemical Engineering in University of Waterloo, Canada in 2000-2001. He has intensively been studying the synthesis of polymer membranes, fabrication of asymmetric flat and hollow fiber membranes, and development of multi-stage membrane process in the field of gas separation, electrodialysis, pervaporation, water purification, electrodialysis, and fuel cells since 1984. He published about 65 papers in Korean Journals and 30 papers in international Journals, and owns more than 100 Korean and international patents.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Huge amount of by-product gas mixtures (H2, CH4, CO, CO2, N2, etc.) has been produced from steel industry in Korea and worldwide. Among the by-product gases, CH4 and H2 are included in coke oven gas (COG). CO2 and CO is included in blast furnace gas (BFG) and Linz Donawitz gas (LDG) in steel industry. If they can be efficiently separated at high purity and recovery, they can be used valuably for carbon capture and utilization (CCU) producing chemical products such as methanol, ethanol, ethylene, acetic acid, etc. and therefore, contributing to reduction of global warming. There are typical separation technologies: cryogenic, adsorption, absorption and membrane. Membrane technology can be a promising new separation technology owing to cheap plant construction, easy operation, environmental friendliness etc. The economy and energy efficiency of membrane process depends mainly upon gas selectivity and gas permeability of membrane materials. This study shows the preliminary result for the gas separation properties of soluble polyimides as membrane materials - CO2/N2 (or CO2/CO) and H2/CH4 (or CO2/CH4) selectivities and CO2 and H2 permeabilities. We have developed an alicyclic dianhydride-5-(2,5-dioxotetrahydrofuryl)-3-methyl-3-cyclohexene-1,2 dicarboxylic anhydride (DOCDA) based homo- and co-polyimides with various dianhydrides and diamines using m-cresol as a solvent, respectively. Thin dense membranes were prepared from the copolyimides to check their gas permeation properties with a time-lag apparatus. All homo- and copolyimides showed good solubility for organic solvents and excellent thermal stability. The synthesized polyimides showed excellent CO2/N2 (or CO2/CO) and H2/CH4 (or CO2/CH4) selectivities, and high CO2 and H2 permeabilities. These results confirmed these polyimides could be used as membrane materials for the separation of CO2, CH4, H2 and from by-product gases in steel industry.

Nanuli Nadaraia

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia

Title: Synthesis of 5α-steroidal[17,16-d]pyrazolines
Speaker
Biography:

Nanuli Nadaraia has completed her PhD from Mendeleev Moscow Chemical Technological Institute. She is a lead Research Scientist at Tbilisi State Medical University. Her field of interest is chemistry and synthesis of biologically active compounds. She is the author of more than 40 papers in reputed journals and presentations at 50 international scientific conferences.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Among the synthetic biologically active steroids pyrazolines have important place. Interest toward of these compounds is determined by their theoretical and practical meaning. Many steroidal pyrazolines have showed high anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antimicrobial and antiandrogen activities. 3β-Hydroxy-5α-pregn-16-en-20-one and its modified product - 3α-hydroxy-5α-pregna-9(11),16-dien-20-one have been synthesized from aglicon - tigogenin, isolated from plant Yucca gloriosa L. introduced in Georgia. By acid-catalyzed condensation of this α-enones with several hydrazines (phenyl-, p-chloro-, p-bromo-, p-methyl- and p-phenyl­phenyl­hydrazine) cyclocondensation products - 3β-hydroxy-1¢-aryl-3¢-methyl-5α-androstano[17,16-d]pyrazolines and 3α-hydroxy-1¢-aryl-3¢-methyl-5α-androst-9(11)-eno[17,16-d]pyrazolines have been synthesized and their biological activities have been studied.

Speaker
Biography:

Taiebeh Tamoradi obtained her Master’s in Inorganic Chemistry from Ilam University in 2012. In 2014, she joined Kurdistan University as a PhD candidate. After a two-year Postdoctoral Research position in Kurdistan University, she moved to the University of Ilam to join the Chemistry Science Group under Professor Arash Ghorbani Choghamarani.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

The simplified recovery, reusability and the potential for incorporation in continuous reactors and microreactors are unique properties in organic synthesis, thus the major area of research is recently shifted toward more environment friendly catalysts. In homogeneous systems it is complicated to recover the catalyst from the final reaction mixture; thus heterogeneous catalysts are used as supports. Heterogeneous catalysts have attracted a considerable attention in synthesis of organic compounds, because of their recovery by conventional filtration or centrifugation techniques. However, recovery and recycling of the heterogeneous catalysts are difficult because they require a tedious workup via filtration and the inevitable loss of solid in the recovery process. Magnetic nanoparticles have recently proposed as ideal supports because of their multifunctional physical and chemical properties such as easy preparation and functionalization, high chemical activity, long catalytic life, large surface area ratio, excellent thermal and chemical stability, low price, less toxicity, high dispersion and easy separation via external magnet. Sulfoxides, disulfides and sulfides are useful in the chemical industries and play a vital role in some medicines and biological processes. During the recent increasing interest in synthesis of these compounds, variety of catalysts has been received considerable attention. The present work describes the synthesis of a new cadmium complex immobilized on Fe3O4 nanostructure as efficient catalyst for oxidation reactions. Characterization of the prepared nanostructure was performed by SEM and XRD. Use of green medium, easy separation, excellent reusability of the nanocatalyst, and short reaction time are outstanding advantages of this method.

General route for the fabrication of Fe3O4-Glycine-Cd

Nana Gorgaslidze

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia

Title: Steroidal oximes modified by N-protected amino acids
Speaker
Biography:

Nana Gorgaslidze completed her PhD from Saint-Petersburg State Chemical Pharmaceutical Academy, Russia. She is the Director of the Iovel Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry, Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU) and Professor at the Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy at TSMU. She has published more than 94 papers in reputed journals, authored four books and has two patents. She is a Member of organizing committee of several international conferences and meetings. She has more 40 years of teaching experience at the Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia. She is the Founder of the Georgian Pharmaceutical Association (President: 2002–2005) and newspaper, Pharmacy. She is a Member of Scientist and Young Pharmacists of Georgia. She has long timework experience at the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Affairs of Georgia state control of quality medicinal and pharmaceutical products and other departments of the same ministry.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Modification of steroids with pharmacophores in order to discover new highly active compounds is a critical problem.  Peptides and proteins play an important role in biological and physiological processes and combinations of amino acids, peptides and steroids have given rise to an interesting class of biologically relevant compounds. Oximes have been evaluated for potential cytotoxicity and oxime derivatives of steroids that have been reported to exhibit antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. In particular, amino acids have been coupled with steroids with the aim of preparing potential therapeutic agents that exhibit lower toxicity whilst retaining the original activity of the parent compound. In the pharmacological perspective, the combination of two important systems in one molecule encourages increasing the biological activity; accordingly the synthesis of steroidal peptides becomes interesting. The derivatives of different oximes modified by amino acids are noteworthy. Despite steroidal oximes being biologically highly active compounds, examples of modification similar to these compounds cannot be found in the literature. In order to synthesize biologically active compounds, O-acylation of 20-hydroximino-5α-pregn-16-en-3β-ole, 3β-acetoxy-20-hydroximino-5α-pregn-16-ene and 17-hydroximino-5α-androstan-3β-ole  with N-protected amino acids  (N-Cbz-L-Ala-Bt, N-Cbz-L-Val-Bt, N-Cbz-L-Phe-Bt and N-Cbz-L-Ala-L-Val-Bt)  have been carried out and their antiviral activities have been studied.

Nana Gorgaslidze

Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia

Title: The lipid composition of some plants growing in Georgia
Speaker
Biography:

Nana Gorgaslidze completed her PhD from Saint-Petersburg State Chemical Pharmaceutical Academy, Russia. She is the Director of the Iovel Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry, Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU) and Professor at the Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy at TSMU. She has published more than 94 papers in reputed journals, authored four books and has two patents. She is a Member of organizing committee of several international conferences and meetings. She has more 40 years of teaching experience at the Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia. She is the Founder of the Georgian Pharmaceutical Association (President: 2002–2005) and newspaper, Pharmacy. She is a Member of Scientist and Young Pharmacists of Georgia. She has long timework experience at the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Affairs of Georgia state control of quality medicinal and pharmaceutical products and other departments of the same ministry.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

The aim of this work was to study the lipid composition of the fruit of Corylus avellana L. (Betulaceae) and seeds of Persica vulgaris L. (Rosaceae). Using the method of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), seven saturated, one mono-unsaturated and two poly-unsaturated fatty acids were identified. It is remarkable that hexadecanoic, 9-octadecenoic acid and 9, 12-octadecadienoic acids are predominant in fatty oil. From the fruits of Corylus avellana neutral lipids with a yield of 61%, relative to the air-dry raw material were obtained. Five phospholipids and seven amino acids were identified from the polar lipids of Corylus avellana. Fatty oils from the seeds of Persica vulgaris (Rosaceae) were studied. HPLC analysis of the fatty oils show presence of five saturated, one unsaturated and two poly-unsaturated fatty acids. Among of them dominants are: 9-octadecenoic acid, 9, 12-octadecadienoic and 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, which are not synthesized in the human body and are presented as an irreplaceable fatty acids.  The characteristics of the fatty acid composition of the fatty oil of the seeds of Persica vulgaris is related to the climatic conditions of the eastern regions of Georgia and corresponds to the tendency of growth of unsaturation with changing environmental factors.

Speaker
Biography:

Sungsoo Kim has his expertise in surface and colloid science as well as in materials science especially including conducting polymers and organic semiconductors. He has a broad and intensive experience in R&D in addition to accomplishments in supervision of many graduate students. He is currently working on several projects for an organic electrochemical transistor based on a functionalized PEDOT active layer.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Poly-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) is a very versatile and highly conductive polymer reported up to ca. 4,500 S/cm so far. In this study, PEDOT with an ultra-high conductivity of about 6,000 S/cm and an ultra-thin film of about 35 nm is presented. The PEDOT was processed via an oxidative chemical vapor phase polymerization method (VPP). Glass and PET surfaces were covered with ferric chloride (FeCl3) oxidizing agent mixed with polyurethane diol (DUDO) and poly(ethylene glycol–propylene glycol–ethylene glycol) (PEG-PPG-PEG) prior to their exposure to 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) vapors. Optical microscope images show that the precursor film (oxidant mixture) covered on wafer or PET has very smooth and uniform surface. FE-SEM and AFM results revealed that PEDOT film after washing with n-butanol is very smooth, thin, and homogeneous (RMS is lower than 3 nm). Ultra-thin PEDOT films were further characterized by various other tools such as XRD, FT-IR, Raman, XPS, TGA, and so on. All other results obtained by various analyzing tools strongly support that PEDOT is indeed an ultra-highly conductive film far surpassing the most representative transparent electrode such as ITO (indium tin oxide).

Speaker
Biography:

Zolaikha Rasouli has obtained her Masters’ degree in Science from Kurdistan University, UK in 2009. She was a PhD candidate in Analytical Chemistry, Kurdistan University, 2011. Her working field is focused on chemometrics modern methods at PhD level. She is currently working on a PhD thesis.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Over the past few years quantitative determinations of micro/macro minerals have attracted considerable attention. This attention is because of the essential role of minerals in various procedures i.e., medical, food, industrial and their numerous biological activities on human health. Chelation of chromomeric agents to metallic ions is one of the most efficient practices used in quantitative determination of micro/macro minerals in recent year. Herein, complexation systems formed by methylthymol blue (MTB) and ZnII, CuII and FeII metal ions in an aqueous solution with pH=5.0 have been described from experimental and theoretical points of view. It was characterized using UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy combined with soft/hard chemometrics methods and time dependent density functional theory (DFT/TD-DFT) calculations. First, an exploratory analysis from the acid-base system of MTB and each of the complex formation systems was carried out by Marquardt-Levenberg, MCR-ALS and RAFA algorithms. The results revealed that ZnII and CuII have the same behavior in confronting with MTB, both 1:2 and 1:1 stoichiometries of ZnII or CuII to MTB. However, for FeII, simultaneous formation of FeL and Fe2L complexes were suggested. In the second step of our work, we were interested to the description in detail of these systems by DFT/TD-DFT calculations to identify the nature of their structural geometries in the aqueous solution. For this purpose, we proposed the molecular hypothetical structures for different complex species based on the favorably moieties included in the complexation reactions, the protonation state of different functional groups of MTB and finally, the metal ion surrounding.

Molecular structure of Fe2L complex

Ayrat R Khamatgalimov

Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry - FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS, Russia

Title: Phenalenyl like substructures in fullerene molecules
Speaker
Biography:

Ayrat R Khamatgalimov has completed his PhD from Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia and Postdoctoral studies from Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS, Russia. He is the Senior Researcher of Laboratory of Physical-Chemical Analysis in Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS, Russia. He is engaged in research in the field of physical chemistry and quantum-chemical calculations; in particular, he has expertise in calculations of electronic and geometric structures of higher fullerenes. He is an expert in the field of synchronic thermal analysis. The results of his research were published in more than 40 papers in reputed journals.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

In our research we are developing an alternative approach in which a fullerene molecule is considered to contain a number of substructures incorporated in the fullerene shell and resembling aromatic analogues such as indacene, pyrene, perylene, corannulene, coronene, phenalenyl radical, etc. Our result shows that the presence of phenalenyl-radical substructures with unpaired electron leads to instability of whole fullerene molecule. For example, fullerene C74 is unstable due to the presence of two phenalenyl-radical substructures, four such radical substructures caused of instability of fullerene C76 too. Here we report the computational characterizations of non-planar polycyclic hydrocarbon species that can be cut from fullerene molecule – substructure from three symmetrically fused phenalenyl composed by nine fused benzenoid rings. The results of quantum-chemical calculations show that this structure has an open-shell ground state and a relatively small HOMO–LUMO gap. This is due to the fact that this molecule is derivative of the phenalenyl-radical. Analysis of row of isolated-pentagon-rule (IPR) isomers of higher fullerenes from C72 to C104 shows that this substructure is present in structure of some of them, for example, in IPR isomer 7 (C3v) of C82 fullerene. Indeed, our researches show that this molecule has an open-shell structure due to containing radical substructures (like phenalenyl-radical substructure). It should be noted that spin densities in triplet configuration of isomer 7 (C3v) of C82 fullerene are mainly concentrated namely on radical substructures likewise the C74 biradical. Thus, our results shows that such fullerenes are unstable and can`t be obtained as empty molecules. However they become stable as exohedral or endohedral derivatives or in polymeric forms.

Schlegel diagram of isomer 7 (C3v) of C82 fullerene with depicted phenalenyl-like substructure

Speaker
Biography:

Quirina Roode Gutzmer graduated with an MSc in Chemistry, and studied complexation of metal ions by designer molecules, such as macrocycles, cryptates, and incorporation of metal ions in crystal structures. The development of further skills in applied mathematics enabled her to conduct theoretical work in the calculation of diffusion in lithium-ion-batteries. Her experimental work in material science has previously involved doping photocatalysts, as well as developing composite materials using graphene. Her current work involves calixarene synthesis with the objective of transferring this know-how towards the development of functionalized graphene membranes with the purpose of selectively removing actinides and lanthanides from aqueous solutions, and to investigate possibilities for pilot scale production.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Currently the global consumption for rare earths for the production of permanent magnets, catalysts and luminescent materials, is steadily increasing. This will necessitate a recycling strategy in the future. Within the framework of the SE-FLECX project, several calix[4]arenes were developed with the objective of separating f-elements from other elements in aqueous solutions arising from ore leachates. Another aim is to remove actinides from such solutions. The most promising calix[4]arene that emerged from this work is a hydroxyquinoline functionalized calix[4]arene (AJ-46): 5,11,17,23-Tetra-p-tert-butyl-25,27-bis[(8-hydroxyquinolinemethine- hydrazinocarbonyl)-methoxy]-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene. This calixarene demonstrates selectivity between light and heavy lanthanides in a solvent extraction process, as well as between actinides and lanthanides, thereby enabling radioactive decontamination. The objective of the work presented in this poster is to scale up the synthesis of AJ-46 so that a pilot-scale mixer-settler solvent extraction operation can be implemented using real ore leachates. The laboratory scale synthesis as developed by Jäschke et al. is not directly translatable for a technical production. The synthesis scheme achieved is shown in figure 1. In the first synthesis stage, acetonitrile was successfully replaced by acetone in a significantly reduced volume than used by Collins et al. Despite containing residual acetic acid and ethyl acetate, the 4-tert-butyl-calix[4]arene produced in-house according to Gutsche and Iqbal, produced a diester product in similar yield (79%) and quality after re-crystallization in a dichloromethane/ethanol solution (1:5) at -30℃ over 3 days. In the third synthesis stage, the solvent volume could be reduced 5-fold and was accomplished by replacing ethanol with a 3:1 ethanol/chloroform solvent mixture. The final product is obtained in a yield of 88-91%.

Scheme for the scale-up synthesis of the hydroxyquinoline functionalized calix[4]arene

Speaker
Biography:

M Helena M de Sá completed her PhD in Electroanalysis from University of Porto, Portugal in 2002. She has strong Chemistry background (fundamental and applied) and experience on Materials Science and Nanotechnology. Having participated as Post-doctoral Researcher in different projects that went from conservation science to new materials for energy and biosensors. Since 2015, she is a team member of the research group BioMark/ISEP and the European project Symbiotic, devoted to the development of an innovative electrical biosensor assembled inside a fuel cell for cancer detection.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Glucose is a renewable carbon source that has attracted much attention as alternative sustainable fuel for fuel cells devices. Fuel cells directly convert chemical energy stored in fuels into electrical energy through electrochemical reactions and have been identified as one of the most promising technologies for the clean energy of the future. In recent years, the applications of this kind of device in medical field, in both exploratory research and prospective products, have intensified due to their multiple advantages over conventional batteries, including environmentally friendly character, easy availability, biocompatibility and high security. The main target of this work is to convert this kind of device into an autonomous low cost electrochemical biosensor for the detection of cancer biomarkers, taking advantage of the molecular imprinting technology. In this technique molecularly-imprinted polymers (MIPs) contain tailor-made binding sites that are complementary to the template molecules used in the imprinting stage. Cancer, along with other diseases, may be diagnosed by biomarker detection using conventional tests that have limited application in low-resource settings due to the use of bulky and expensive instrumentation, putting in evidence the advantages of the device we want develop, which will simply need a drop of the patient fluid and a drop of fuel (glucose solution) to allow its use and a quick-response in point-of-care. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and identify the operational conditions for converting a direct glucose fuel cell (DGFC) into a biosensor. For this purpose, the conventional anode of the cell was modified by assembling a MIP layer on a carbon black with platinum/ruthenium support, which is a known effective catalyst for glucose and methanol electro-oxidation. The anode modifications were tested first in a conventional three electrode set-up by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Direct type polymer electrolyte fuel cell (Nafion® based), in which aqueous solutions of glucose and methanol fuels are directly supplied to the anode (DGFC and DMFC) were also evaluated. The preliminary data stemmed from these studies show great potential and further research is on-going in order to put a MIP modified DGFC working as an electrochemical biosensor.

Graphic representation of the electrically autonomous sensory platform

Speaker
Biography:

Raquel Campos completed her MSc degree in Chemical Engineering. She is specialized in Chemical Industry and Energy Optimization in 2016, at the School of Engineering from the Polytechnique School of Porto. Since July 2017, she is a team member of the research group BioMark/ISEP and the European project Symbiotic, devoted to the development of an innovative electrical biosensor assembled inside a fuel cell for cancer detection.

To present & exhibit your MATERIALS @ our upcoming series PS: Materials Conferences | Materials Chemistry Conferences | Materials Chemistry 2020

Abstract:

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are extremely attractive as power sources due to the high energy density provided by the electro-oxidation of methanol, their easy transport and convenient handling of liquid fuel. One of the main components of DMFCs is the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) which includes a polymer electrolyte and a platinum based catalyst. Nafion® has been the material of choice for its fabrication, but the modification of Nafion® and the development of alternative polymers in order to achieve higher performances have also been done. Carbon blacks (CBs) are mostly used as Pt supports in the fuel cells due to their low cost and high availability, good electrical performance, and relatively high surface. The possibility of using this kind of devices as transducers of protein biosensors is an innovative concept developed in the context of the Symbiotic. This possibility has been proven feasible for ferritin and is extended herein to the detection of a cancer biomarker. The aim of this work is to show how we have applied a similar strategy to a different protein, the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a model cancer biomarker. The DMFC anode catalysts were modified with a plastic antibody, suibtably produced by molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) technology. This polymer was grown on the CB support by surface radical polymerization of vinyl based monomers and crosslinkers. The resulting thin polymeric layer acted as the biorecognition element for CEA in the final set-up. The stability and analytical performance of the resulting device was characterized by electrochemical techniques. The change in electric power performance of the MIP modified DMFC, after incubation with the target protein, revealed the ability of the biomaterial to rebind. The ultimate aim is that the proposed biosensor can be the core of an equipment-free, user-friendly, cheap electrical device that will allow an autonomous determination of CEA in routine health care systems.